Murchison Falls National Park “the world’s most powerful falls” became one of Uganda’s 1
national parks in 1952 and is also the largest. It is situated in the northern end of the Albertine
Rift Valley and covers the following districts Buliisa, Nwoya, Kiryandongo and Masindi. The
park is bisected by Victoria Nile into the northern and southern sections for about 115km. The
Victoria Nile is also known for its Murchison falls where it squeezes through an 8m gap and
plunges with a continuous roar into the “Devil’s cauldron” (pool) creating a trademark rainbow.
The northern section of the park is covered by palm-dotted savanna and south is dominated by
woodland and forest patches. The Nile delta, where Victoria Nile flows into Lake Albert is a
good location for birding watching while cruising on the boat. The southern section covers
Budongo and Kaniyo Pabidi forests. Budongo forest is an interesting bio diversity of several
mammal species, over 360 bird species, butterflies and plants. Kaniyo Pabidi forest contains
black-white colobus monkeys, blue monkeys, elephants, lions, buffaloes and a habituated chimp
group and birds like chocolate backed king fisher, white-thighed hornbill.
The park’s wildlife includes Elephants, Hippos, Lions, and Buffaloes, Antelopes (Bushbucks,
waterbuck, reedbuck, Kobs and duikers) Warthogs, Giraffes, Crocodiles and Chimpanzees, Olive
Baboons, Blue, Black and White monkeys, in the Kaniyo Papidi forest. Birdlife includes Goliath
heron, Shoebill storks, Grey crowned crane, Horn bill, and Chocolate backed Kingfisher, Silver
bird, Weaver bird, Red throated Bee eater, Swamp Flycatcher, African Jacana.
Ziwa Rhino sanctuary on your way to Murchison falls
Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary is located in Nakasongola district in the Kafu river basin off Kampala –
Gulu high way 180km away from Kampala by road. It is the only place in Uganda to see the
rhinos in the wild. It was established in 2005 with only 6 rhinos and currently 19 of them call this
place home. The sanctuary also includes other wildlife like monkeys, hippopotamuses, antelopes,